Myth #1: Islam promotes hatred.
The Qur’an is centered around faith, hope, and peace. When lines from the Qur’an are used to claim that Islam is violent, these quotes have been taken out of context.
Myth #2: Jihad is synonymous with terrorism.
While extremist groups have understood terrorism as a form of jihad, jihad itself is an Arabic word that means “exerted effort or struggle to better oneself.” In other words, jihad is a lifestyle commitment and can be practised similarly to New Year’s resolutions.
Myth #3: The hijab, or headscarf, is oppressive.
Almost all Muslim women who wear a hijab have chosen to dress in this way. There are only a couple of passages in the Qur’an that even address modesty, and the word hijab itself is never used. Like many other religious symbols — such as a cross or yarmulke — the hijab is a sign of faith. Reima Yosif, the founding president of the Al-Rawiya Foundation, says her decision to wear a hijab can be described as “an outward expression of an inward experience”.
Myth #4: Islam is oppressive to women and to the LGBTQIA+ community.
While some Muslims use the Qur’an and Hadiths to justify patriarchy and queerphobia, many other Muslims assert that Islam demands practising compassion, acceptance, and love (Hernann 2015). As with other religions, there are many different ways that Islam is practised, and it is a generalisation to say that Islam is anti-woman or anti-queer.